India Fact Sheet
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Location: Located in South Asia, India is a peninsula surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The country has a land border with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.

Area: 7th largest country in the world with an area of 3.2 million sqkm

Land Use: Arable land – 48.8%; Net Sown Area – 141 million hectares

Coastline: 7,500 km

Climate: Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Terrain: Plateau in the south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m; Highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,586 m

Natural resources: Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone

Population: 1.2 billion [Urban: 30%; Rural: 70%]; Growth Rate – 1.3%

Languages: Hindi in Devanagari script is the official Language of India and is the primary tongue of 41% of the people. English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages as official languages of India.

Political System: Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic

Form of government: Parliamentary, based on universal adult franchise

Administrative Divisions: 28 States and seven centrally administered Union Territories

Legislature: Parliament of the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People)

Executive: Consists of President, Vice-President and Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister

Judiciary: Independent of the executive, the Supreme Court is the apex body of the judicial system and is followed by High Courts and other subordinate courts. 

GDP (Current US$): US$ 1.842 trillion (2012)

GDP (PPP): US$ 4.735 trillion (2012)

GDP Growth Rate (%): 5.4% (2012)

GDP Composition: Service Sector (65%), Industry (18%), Agriculture (17%)

Exports: US$ 312 billion (2013-14)

Imports: US$ 450 billion (2013-14)

Inflation: WPI - 7.5% % (2013-14) and CPI - 11.2% (2013-14)

Unemployment Rate: 9.9% (2012)

Mobile Phone Users: 930 million (July 2014)

Internet Users: 245 million (July 2014)

Internet through Mobile Phone: 185 million (July 2014)

Installed Power: 
228GW [Thermal - 67% (Coal: 57%; Gas: 9%; Oil:1%); Hydro: 19%; Renewables: 12%; Nuclear: 2.25%]

Transportation: Railways – 63,974 km; Roadways – 4.7 million km